Ego identity formation refers to the psychological process through which individuals develop a coherent and stable sense of self. It involves the exploration, consolidation, and integration of various aspects of one’s identity, including personal values, beliefs, goals, interests, and roles within society. Ego identity encompasses a person’s understanding of who they are, what they stand for, and how they relate to others and the world around them. Identity formation is a dynamic and ongoing process that occurs throughout the lifespan, but it is particularly prominent during adolescence and emerging adulthood. During these periods, individuals undergo significant physical, cognitive, and social changes, which prompt them to explore different aspects of themselves, experiment with various roles and identities, and make important life decisions.