Biological sciences aim at the study of life and living organisms, their life cycles, adaptations, and the environment. Our aim in preparing this book for publication is to bring together academic studies and findings in different fields of science and to transfer the results obtained from these studies to the world of science. Thus, it is aimed to contribute to the emergence of new ideas by referring to future studies. It is thought that this book, which consists of studies in interdisciplinary fields, will contribute to the development and studies of students, academicians and researchers. each of which has been contributed by highly qualified professionals in the respective fields of research.