Fundamentals of agriculture focuses with the fundamental physical, chemical, biological, and economic principles that underlie agricultural practise rather than the methods for producing plants and animals. Information about the soil, the weather, soil water, the mechanical and structural characteristics of soil, and chemical reactions in soils may be found by readers. The topics covered in articles on plant biology and crop production include plant cells and their metabolism, plant structure, growth, development, and yield in crop production, as well as pasture production and use. Selected articles discuss the biology of animals, including their environment, growth and development, nutrition, reproduction, lactation, and animal behaviour. The ecology of microorganisms, the biology of diseases, and the microbiology of food are all related to the development of microbiology. The chapters also include agricultural economics.