The aim of this book is to provide readers with knowledge of the basic concepts, principles, models, theories, and administration practices of administrative thought and science. It was desired to discuss the four functions of the business consisting of planning, organizing, directing and control, the historical infrastructure of administration, organizational culture and environment, as well as administration in the global environment, social responsibility and ethics, decision-making, and transferring leadership theory and practices. This work has also been designed to investigate the effects of the teachings and thoughts of ancient civilizations, three monotheistic religions and famous philosophers on the theory of administration and organization as we perceive it today. Thanks to the book, it was also desired to be a source of inspiration for the reader by bringing both a historical and contemporary perspective to administrative thought.