Over the years, significant advancements have been made to enhance the quality of life and well-being of humans. Significant developments in recent years have hampered sustainable life and agriculture. In this regard, scientists and chapter authors have made significant contributions to the issues. Humanity must safeguard the ecosystem from greater threats. Small changes in the climate can have a significant impact on the life cycles of living organisms, as well as on the scientific era’s overall productivity. Population growth, shifting dietary habits, technological advancements in industry, urbanization, climate change, and chemical disaster are just some of the factors that drive the topics discussed and suggested solutions presented in this book.