Biotechnology is, in essence, the deciphering and use of biological knowledge. It is highly multidisciplinary since it has its foundations in many disciplines, including biology, microbiology, biochemistry, chemistry, and chemical and materials engineering. Similarly, materials science is a broad field and can be considered to be an interdisciplinary area. Included within it are the studies of the structure and properties of any material, the creation of new types of materials, and the manipulation of a material’s properties to suit the specific application’s needs.