Every living being depends upon food to live, grow, and reproduce. Food security is simply that every human being knows where their next nutritious and safe meal is coming from. A food system that does not jeopardize the food security of the future generation is sustainable food security. Researchers fear that feeding the nine billion population expected by 2050 will be very challenging. This research shares the same concern, but the main problem is not human growth or the earth’s limited resources. The problem lies in the political decisions and economic policies of governments, corporations, institutions, and organizations. These problems include environmental damage, political conflicts, unequal distribution of resources, food wastage, financialization of food, monopolization of the food industry, and many more. Therefore, to shape macro policies such that will contribute positively to sustainable food security, this book econometrically analyzes the effects of macroeconomic variables on sustainable food security.